The superior temporal gyrus contains several important structures of the brain, including: . [2] Nos permite el sentido de la audición mediante las aferencias talámicas del núcleo geniculado medial. More specifically, it is located in the posterior half of the superior temporal gyrus.. Neuroimaging studies of healthy subjects have found evidence for a role in processing of word meanings for both anterior and posterior STG as well as superior temporal sulcus (STS; the sulcus that divides the STG from the middle temporal gyrus). This was most significant when comparing all vowel deviants to standards, irrespective of their psychoacoustic or physical deviance. Speech-related areas are occasionally found here, although it is possible that such unusual patterns of speech representation might be found predominantly in patients with preexisting brain damage (e.g., the patients described previously who were being evaluated for seizure surgery). 4). Nicole M. Gage, Bernard J. Baars, in Fundamentals of Cognitive Neuroscience (Second Edition), 2018. Auditory agnosia (6,013 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article sound meaning. Damage to the anterior parts of the inferior and lateral portions of the temporal lobe of the right hemisphere has been associated with memory for autobiographical episodes, although other retrograde memory functions may remain intact (Table I). In comparison to typically developing controls, youths with autism have been shown to exhibit decreased gray matter volume, as well as anterior and superior displacements of the STG (Boddaert et al., 2004; Levitt et al., 2003). Abnormalities of the STG and associated language areas of the temporal and frontal lobe have emerged as some of the most prominent biomarkers in schizophrenia research. S. Coulson, in Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience, 2010. 18). The primary auditory cortex is located in the back half of the superior temporal gyrus and is roughly equivalent to the Brodmann areas 41 and 42. 2011 17 networks: LimbicA: Neighboring DiFuMo maps Dim 64. Bigler ED, Mortensen S, Neeley ES et-al. This auditory (or tonotopic) map is similar to the homunculus map of the primary motor cortex. The superior temporal gyrus has been involved in the perception of emotions in facial stimuli. ) The inferior temporal gyrus is the anterior region of the temporal lobe located underneath the central temporal sulcus. 2 a).The reverse comparison (animal vs. social concepts) revealed no significant effects. Enlarged right superior temporal gyrus in children and adolescents with autism. Human temporal lobe activation by speech and nonspeech sounds. 18). We found that a well-defined zone in middle STG detects acoustic onset edges (local maxima in the envelope rate of change). 2006;44 (12): 2578-81. The role of the right superior temporal gyrus in visual search-insights from intraoperative electrical stimulation. We applied this procedure to electrodes implanted in human epilepsy patients (both male and female) over the posterior superior temporal gyrus (pSTG), a brain area known to be important for speech perception. The superior temporal gyrus has been discovered to be an important structure in the pathway consisting of the amygdala and prefrontal cortex, which are all involved in social cognition processes. Variation: Superior temporal cortex Variation: Gyrus temporalis superior External databases BrainInfo: 118 ICBM Label: 30 Taxonomy. Listening for the moral of a fable selectively activated frontal and temporal regions of the RH. It also consists of a line that is drawn in a posterior manner to the lateral sulcus from the preoccipital notch. Superior temporal gyrus Anatomy. The distinction between layer V and VI can be made with some difficulty. It's believed that the superior temporal sulcus is involved in recognizing motion, processing speech, responding to social cues, and also gaze recognition, or the ability to identify things through sight. 2 Anatomie. Cerebral Gyri - Lateral Surface.png 728 × 546; 320 KB. 18). The left superior temporal gyrus is a shared substrate for auditory short-term memory and speech comprehension: evidence from 210 patients with stroke. Area TS3 has a distinct layer IV. 2 Anatomie. Early milestone work in schizophrenia research demonstrated the spontaneous activity of speech areas during hallucinatory experiences, a fact that explains why these internal voices are accepted as real, despite arising in the absence of any external sensory stimulation (Dierks et al., 1999; Ffytche et al., 1998; McGuire, Shah, and Murray, 1993; Silbersweig et al., 1995). A gyrus (plural gyri) is a bump or ridge on the surface of the brain. Without specific cuing, patients find it difficult to perceive objects in their neglected field. Specific sound frequencies map precisely onto the primary auditory cortex. PET findings show bilateral activation of Heschel's gyrus and unilateral activation of Wernicke's area (left hemisphere only) when typical right-handed subjects listen to a verbal material such as a narrative. 18 ). searching for Superior temporal gyrus 41 found (117 total) alternate case: superior temporal gyrus. Er wird superior vom Sulcus lateralis und inferior vom Sulcus temporalis superior begrenzt. For example, eye gaze was associated with activity in the superior and posterior STS, whereas mouth movements activated the inferior and anterior STS. temporal lobe: transverse temporal gyrus (41-42-primary auditory cortex), superior temporal gyrus (38, 22-Wernicke's area), middle temporal gyrus , inferior temporal gyrus , fusiform gyrus (36, 37) limbic lobe/fornicate gyrus: cingulate cortex/cingulate gyrus, anterior cingulate (24, 32, … Voxel-based morphometric studies have confirmed a significant gray matter decrease in the STG that predicted the severity of experienced auditory hallucinations (Aguilar et al., 2008) as well as several other symptom dimensions quantified using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (Lui et al., 2009). The superior temporal gyrus is located in the temporal lobe and helps process sound. This gyrus comprises of a number of vital structures of the brain, which include: Indeed, the location of the region that Wernicke (1881) considered to be central to the auditory analysis of language corresponds well with the location of area TS3 and the immediately adjacent region in the superior temporal sulcus (Fig. … The temporal convexity is composed of the superior, middle, and inferior temporal gyri, which are divided by the superior and inferior temporal gyri. The superior temporal gyrus is one of three (sometimes two) gyri in the temporal lobe of the human brain. 2014 Feb;35(2):317-22. doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A3669. This supports the ‘hemispheric dual route model’: both hemispheres have lexical routes (‘sight reading’), but only the LH has a nonlexical (‘phonetic’) route. So this syndrome is more a deficit of attention than an inability to perceive stimuli. Fein and colleagues observed a large area of decreased gray matter density in the left temporal cortex, extending to the frontal and parietal cortices, but these effects were not associated with any “drinking variable.” Additionally, Fein and colleagues observed, in line with Squeglia et al. superior temporal gyrus中文上回…,點擊查查權威綫上辭典詳細解釋superior temporal gyrus的中文翻譯,superior temporal gyrus的發音,音標,用法和例句等。 The results revealed an effect of vowel deviance in the left anterior superior temporal gyrus (aSTG). Blood supply. Lexical access via the visual word form activates the posterior temporal lobe bilaterally, whereas phonological recoding activates a left-lateralized network of posterior (fusiform gyrus, presumably involved in sub-lexical graphemic processing) and anterior (inferior frontal gyrus, presumably involved in phonological recoding) structures. Normal speech consists of sequences of spoken representations of words, conveyed from the speaker to the listener. De Long WB. It has been described as part of the superior temporal gyrus.. We don't take the superior temporal gyrus on this patient.". The inferior temporal gyrus is bounded above by the inferior temporal sulcus and below by the lateral occipitotemporal sulcus (which sits on the inferior surface of the temporal lobe). Superior temporal gyrus (STG) is the site of auditory association cortex (and a site of multisensory integration) and thus necessarily plays some role in spoken word recognition. Successfully comprehending the meaning of discourse depends upon the ability of the listener to maintain these representations for sufficient time to allow for their combination into meaningful sentences. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Mask in the coronal view starting when the temporal lobe begins to appear at the anterior end of the brain. The superior temporal gyrus (STG) is implicated in the processing of eye movements, as well as in the visual analysis of social information conveyed by gaze and body movement (Allison et al., 2000; Hoffman and Haxby, 2000; Pelphrey et al., 2005; Puce et al., 1998). The images illustrate the variability in the degree of surrounding signal change. The pyramidal neurons in layer V are small to medium size and are distributed throughout the layer. Furthermore, the superior temporal gyrus is an essential structure involved in auditory processing, as well as in the function of language in individuals who may have an impaired vocabulary, or are developing a sense of language. The STS is also a likely site of integration between print and sound in visual word recognition. Englisch: superior temporal gyrus. The most popular abbreviation for Anterior Superior Temporal Gyrus is: aSTG Moreover, folding abnormalities of the STG and Broca’s area, as well as microstructural changes of the main fibers connecting the white matter tract to the frontal lobe (arcuate fasciculus), seem to promote the emergence of hallucinatory symptoms (Cachia et al., 2008; Catani et al., 2011; Gaser et al., 2004; Hubl et al., 2004; Neckelmann et al., 2006; Steinmann, Leicht, and Mulert, 2014). 上側頭回は以下の脳溝によって境界が定義されている。. Moreover, when patients are instructed to attend to the neglected field, they can sometimes respond to these stimuli (Posner, 1980). It has been described as part of the superior temporal gyrus.. We don't take the superior temporal gyrus on this patient.". 3. However, neglect happens in the absence of damage to the visual system and can involve multimodal deficits, including motor and tactile deficits. The supramarginal gyrus wraps around the upturned posterior end of the sylvian fissure. Function in the superior temporal gyrus exhibits lateralization with each hemisphere subserving distinct functions: Lesions in the right rostral superior temporal gyrus result in visuospatial neglect on the contralesional side and impaired motion perception in both hemifields 1 while lesions in the middle superior temporal gyrus lead to impairment in exploratory visual search 6. Two studies found significant reduction in bilateral superior temporal volumes of adolescents with AUD compared to nondrinking adolescents (Brooks et al., 2014; Fein et al., 2013). The superior temporal gyrus forms the most superior part of the temporal lobe, and has a role in both verbal and non-verbal communication. This syndrome can resemble a disorder of visual perception. Subsequently, several fMRI studies have provided evidence of a functional deficit that affects multiple levels of auditory perception and language processing. The dominant role of the left hemisphere in the processing of speech may relate to hemispheric specialization in tuning for different sorts of auditory information. Early morphometric studies repeatedly reported a decrease in the physiological leftward asymmetry of the planum temporale, a higher-order auditory processing area that overlaps with Wernicke’s area (Kwon et al., 1999; Shapleske et al., 1999; Sumich et al., 2005). The anterior temporal region of interest (ROI) analysis comparing social vs. animal concepts revealed bilateral activation of the superior anterior temporal lobe (BA38) and less pronounced signal increases in the anterior middle temporal cortex (BA21; Fig. temporal lobe: transverse temporal gyrus (41-42-primary auditory cortex), superior temporal gyrus (38, 22-Wernicke's area), middle temporal gyrus , inferior temporal gyrus , fusiform gyrus (36, 37) limbic lobe/fornicate gyrus: cingulate cortex/cingulate gyrus, anterior cingulate (24, 32, 33), posterior cingulate (23, 31), temporal gyrus: [ ji´rus ] (pl. Temporal volumetric alterations have also been identified by a meta-analysis of antipsychotic-naïve VBM studies to potentially underlie the clinical onset of psychotic symptoms (Fusar-Poli et al., 2011). Letter strings activate left posterior fusiform area, whereas legal words (visual word forms) activate left anterior fusiform area with stimuli in either VF. pSTG= posterior superior temporal gyrus Allí se encuentran los giros temporales transversos anterior y posterior (o de Heschl), que solamente en uno a dos tercios del sector medial de estos giros, albergan la corteza auditiva primaria y que se corresponden con las áreas 41 y 42 de Brodmann. Auditory agnosia (5,937 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article sound meaning. Jou RJ, Minshew NJ, Keshavan MS et-al. Brain. left posterior superior temporal gyrus with the supramarginal gyrus and arcuate fasciculus completely spared (Damasio & Damasio, 1980). Affiliations Expand Affiliation 1 University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK. {"url":"/signup-modal-props.json?lang=us\u0026email="}, {"containerId":"expandableQuestionsContainer","displayRelatedArticles":true,"displayNextQuestion":true,"displaySkipQuestion":true,"articleId":40542,"mcqUrl":"https://radiopaedia.org/articles/superior-temporal-gyrus/questions/736?lang=us"}. Brain Res. Superior temporal gyrus (STG) is the site of auditory association cortex (and a site of multisensory integration) and thus necessarily plays some role in spoken word recognition. Gross anatomy. 250px-Gray726-STS.png 250 × 145; 39 KB. The inferior temporal gyrus is bounded above by the inferior temporal sulcus and below by the lateral occipitotemporal sulcus (which sits on the inferior surface of the temporal lobe). It also consists of a line that is drawn in a posterior manner to the lateral sulcus from the preoccipital notch. Spoken discourse therefore may depend on auditory short-term memory. Cerebral Cortex. [1] Corresponde a la corteza auditiva primaria aproximadamente concuerda con las áreas de Brodmann 41 y 42. Der Gyrus temporalis superior ist Teil des Temporallappens (Lobus temporalis). They may also ignore sounds or touches coming from their left. 1 Definition. Stroke. It extends posteriorly from the temporal pole, ending at the temporoparietal junction, and blending with the angular gyrus and supramarginal gyrus of the inferior parietal lobule. Brodmann area 44 and Brodmann area 22.png 512 × 603; 521 KB. 6 & Fig. 2 ways to abbreviate Anterior Superior Temporal Gyrus updated 2020. Hearing spoken words activate bilateral superior temporal gyri. Área 42 en verde. It is caused by bilateral damage to the anterior superior temporal gyrus, which is part of the auditory pathway responsible for sound recognition. It is the first groove that lies in an inferior position to the lateral fissure. Spoken word comprehension activates bilateral medial and superior temporal gyrus but activation during written word recognition is left lateralized. Patients with right parietal damage may ignore the left half of the visual field, eat just half of the food on their plate, or apply makeup to just half of their face. The superior temporal gyrus has been discovered to be an important structure in the pathway consisting of the amygdala and prefrontal cortex, which are all involved in social cognition proc… Der Gyrus temporalis superior ist eine der drei (manchmal auch 2) Windungen des Temporallappens der Großhirnrinde. This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Superior_temporal_gyrus" ; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Method Subjects Forty adolescents who fulfilled DSM-IV criteria for schizophre-nia were recruited over a 3-year period from two adolescent inpa-tient units in south London. The STS, in particular, responds more strongly to interpretable speech than to a range of stimuli matched on lower level acoustic dimensions. Area TS3 lies on the superior temporal gyrus somewhat anterior and lateral to the level of Heschl's gyrus (Fig. More recently, it has been found that this phenomenon of ‘Wernicke’s aphasia’ is observed to result from brain damage to a broad variety of sites; furthermore, damage to traditional Wernicke’s area does not always result in aphasic symptoms. The superior temporal gyrus is involved in comprehension, language, and social cognition (Bigler et al., 2007), and structural alterations may disrupt these normal functions in adolescents with AUD. How to abbreviate Anterior Superior Temporal Gyrus? It is well known that the koniocortical primary auditory region, which lies on the central part of Heschl's gyrus, is sourrounded by a belt of auditory areas that are extending onto the adjacent dorsal part of the superior temporal gyrus (see * in Fig. Epub 2013 Aug 14. However, as previously discussed, larger volumes may reflect a delay in synaptic pruning or upregulation of inflammatory mediators in this region. Neurons in the posterior superior temporal sulcus (STS) are likely to be active when a person: A) ... the superior temporal gyrus B) Heschl's gyrus C) the angular gyrus D) the parahippocampal formation. Hello Select your address Today's Deals Best Sellers Find a Gift Customer Service Registry New Releases Gift Cards Sell AmazonBasics Coupons Whole Foods Free Shipping Shopper Toolkit #FoundItOnAmazon Best Sellers Find a Gift Customer Service Registry New Releases Gift Cards Sell AmazonBasics Coupons Whole Foods Free Shipping Shopper Toolkit Área 41 en rojo. Temporal Lobe and Left Anterior Superior ... regions including the fusiform gyrus and inferior, middle, and superior temporal lobe, reflecting multiple cytoarchi-tectural areas (Ding, Van Hoesen, Cassell, & Poremba, 2009; Brodmann, 2005), and it is not clear whether each of All lesions were located adjacent to the SAS. Surprisingly, left prefrontal cortex is activated equally during written word recognition with or without spoken responses. Researchers suggested the posterior superior temporal gyrus was the origin of the disorder. Damage to the anterior parts of the inferior and lateral portions of the temporal lobe of the speech hemisphere causes problems with confrontational naming (e.g., naming pictures of common objects), but repetition and grammar are usually unaffected. Differential Contributions of Bilateral Ventral Anterior Temporal Lobe and Left Anterior Superior Temporal Gyrus to Semantic Processes M. Visser and M. A. Lambon Ralph searching for Superior temporal gyrus 43 found (119 total) alternate case: superior temporal gyrus. BACKGROUND: The structure and function of the superior temporal gyrus (STG), a structure involved in receptive and nonverbal auditory and language processing, is understudied in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Neurosci. A ‘where’ or ‘how’ stream (sometimes referred to as ‘dorsal’ by analogy to the visual system) involves the inferior parietal and frontal cortices and is thought to be important for auditory–motor integration important in some accounts of speech perception. El área de Heschl es parte de la corteza cerebral, se ubica en los giros temporales transversos del plano supra-temporal de la circunvolución temporal superior. 2000; 10:512–528. In Latin, it is known as Sulcus temporalis superior. 2 a).The reverse comparison (animal vs. social concepts) revealed no significant effects. You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080450469018817, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012391924300017X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128002131000547, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128006870000219, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124055148500050, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080453965001251, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0080430767035488, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0122272102003459, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128038130000040, Structural and Functional MRI Studies of Autism Spectrum Disorders, Kimberly A. Stigler, Christopher J. McDougle, in, The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders, Allison et al., 2000; Hoffman and Haxby, 2000; Pelphrey et al., 2005; Puce et al., 1998, Boddaert et al., 2004; Levitt et al., 2003, Brain Volumes in Adolescents with Alcohol Use Disorder, Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, ... Emanuel Schwarz, in, Principles of Translational Science in Medicine (Second Edition), Dierks et al., 1999; Ffytche et al., 1998; McGuire, Shah, and Murray, 1993; Silbersweig et al., 1995, David et al., 1996; Woodruff et al., 1997, Kwon et al., 1999; Shapleske et al., 1999; Sumich et al., 2005, Cachia et al., 2008; Catani et al., 2011; Gaser et al., 2004; Hubl et al., 2004; Neckelmann et al., 2006; Steinmann, Leicht, and Mulert, 2014, Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain, Language and Communication – Brain Substrate, International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, Fundamentals of Cognitive Neuroscience (Second Edition), Damage to the posterior parietal lobe (or, Lateral (inferior and/or inferior lateral), Mild deficits in naming object categories; “deep” prosopagnosia, Mild deficits in naming object categories; brief prosopagnosia, Severe deficits in naming object categories; severe persistent prosopagnosia, Deficits in finding proper names; anomia or restricted naming, Poor memory for new nonverbal information, Severe memory deficit for all new information. The superior temporal gyrus is formed by Brodmann areas 22 and 42 (lies in the middle of area 22) 1. This auditory (or tonotopic) map is similar to the homunculus map of the primary motor cortex. The superior temporal gyrus receives blood from the middle cerebral artery via all four main temporal branches: the temporopolar artery; anterior temporal artery, middle temporal artery and posterior temporal artery 2. There is a progression of hemispheric specialization: feature conjunction in letters occurs in medial extrastriate cortex contralateral to the stimulus visual field (VF). Selected axial FLAIR images of left-sided lesions within the anterior superior temporal gyrus as identified in case 3 (A), 4 (B), 5 (C), 6 (D), 11 (E),13 (F), and 15 (G). Damage to the posterior parietal lobe (or superior temporal gyrus) can lead to a striking global modulation of visual awareness called neglect, in which a patient completely ignores or does not respond to objects in the contralateral hemifield (Driver & Mattingley, 1998). the superior temporal gyrus in the pathogenesis of lan-guage-related positive symptoms was similar to that seen in patients with adult-onset schizophrenia. 2001;2 (8): 568-76. This protocol does not parcellate the STG into anterior and posterior segments. Recent studies of phoneme perception report the activation of both auditory areas in the temporal lobe, including Heschl’s gyrus and the planum temporale, and motor areas in the frontal lobe, including the mouth motor area and inferior precentral cortex. Henry A. Buchtel, in Encyclopedia of the Human Brain, 2002. An inferior speech area has been seen in some patients (speech arrest following electrical stimulation) and surgeons have usually assumed that these areas can be removed without significant loss of language ability. Gross anatomy. This important brain structure comprises of the superior temporal sulcus below and the lateral sulcus above. As can be observed in the photomicrograph of area TS3 (p. 132), layer III contains pyramidal neurons of small to medium size and the differentiation into sublayers is not clear. The superior temporal gyrus contains several important structures of the brain, including: . Because the superior temporal sulcus becomes less clear, reference the object model. Superior temporal gyrus Anatomy. Dev Neuropsychol. gy´ri ) ( L. ) one of the many convolutions of the surface of the cerebral hemispheres caused by infolding of the cortex, separated by fissures or sulci; called also cerebral gyrus . 5. A gyrus (plural gyri) is a bump or ridge on the surface of the brain. Bilateral lesions of the superior temporal gyrus are known to result in pure word deafness 5. Subcortical cystic lesions within the anterior superior temporal gyrus: a newly recognized characteristic location for dilated perivascular spaces AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. Superior temporal gyrus, language function, and autism. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Cognitive Science. 上側頭回(じょうそくとうかい、英: Superior temporal gyrus )は、ヒトの脳の側頭葉にある3つ (場合によっては2つ) の脳回の1つである。. Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, ... Emanuel Schwarz, in Principles of Translational Science in Medicine (Second Edition), 2015. 2014 Feb;35(2):317-22. doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A3669. In some brains, the superior temporal sulcus appears to be a double gyrus. Specific sound frequencies map precisely onto the primary auditory cortex. 2001;25 (5): 663-678. Neuroimaging thus implicates right hemisphere brain regions in speech perception, a fact difficult to detect with the lesion localization technique. Most models of auditory short-term memory make a distinction between the processes involved in representing the to-b… Der Gyrus temporalis superior ist Teil des Temporallappens (Lobus temporalis). Gharabaghi A, Fruhmann Berger M, Tatagiba M et-al. The former are important for discriminating between different consonants, while the latter is important for tone languages such as Mandarin. The superior temporal gyrus contains the primary auditory cortex, which is responsible for processing sounds. On the neural networks level, an impaired functional coupling of the STG and anterior cingulate gyrus (ACG) seems to be at the core of the misattribution of the patient’s own voice versus alien voices that frequently characterizes patients with auditory hallucinations (Mechelli et al., 2007). The superior boundary of the superior temporal gyrus is the sylvian fissure and the inferior boundary of the gyrus is the superior temporal sulcus. Purpose: Intraoperative mapping of eloquent cortex during left (speech dominant) anterior temporal lobectomy has shown a significant proportion of patients to have sites on the anterior superior temporal gyrus at which visual confrontation naming can be disrupted by electrical stimulation. 1 Definition. 7. The superior temporal gyrus is situated at the topmost aspect of the temporal lobe, lying inferior to the lateral sulcus and superior to the superior temporal sulcus.It extends posteriorly from the temporal pole, ending at the temporoparietal junction, and blending with the angular gyrus and supramarginal gyrus of the inferior parietal lobule. In terms of brain structure, scientific evidence points to an anatomical correlate of the acoustic hallucinations in schizophrenia. Right superior temporal gyrus volume in adolescents with a history of suicide attempt - Volume 206 Issue 4 - Lisa A. Pan, Lisa Ramos, AnnaMaria Segreti, David A. Brent, Mary L. Phillips
2020 anterior superior temporal gyrus