It's not an entirely unreasonable idea: The Airbus is a fly-by-wire plane; the control inputs are not fed directly to the control surfaces, but to a computer, which then in turn commands actuators that move the ailerons, rudder, elevator, and flaps. The shocking incident took place around 4:30 p.m. in the town of Loches, Indre-et-Loire. Today, the Air France 447 transcripts yield information that may ensure that no airline pilot will ever again make the same mistakes. Jan 20, 2020 - A look in pictures at some of the world's worst aviation disasters. Human judgments, of course, are never made in a vacuum. We're agreed that we're in manual, yeah? Bonin yields the controls, and Robert finally puts the nose down. 02:10:37 (Bonin) C'est parti, on redescend. The Air France Flight 447 crash, considered one of the worst aviation disasters in history, could have been avoided, a top-ranking aviation safety expert said. ... Air France Flight 447, … Throughout, Bonin will keep pulling back on the stick, the exact opposite of what he must do to recover from the stall. 02:06:04 (Bonin) Oui, Marilyn, c'est Pierre devant... Dis-moi, dans deux minutes, on devrait attaquer une zone où ça devrait bouger un peu plus que maintenant. France plane crash: Five killed after mid-air collision near Tours. The reason for the collision was not immediately known, and an investigation to determine the cause was opened. When a plane is taking off or aborting a landing—"going around"—it must gain both speed and altitude as efficiently as possible. If Bonin were to let go of the controls, the nose would fall and the plane would regain forward speed. Popular Mechanics participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. You can possibly pull it a little to the left. Discover the Air France universe: purchase a ticket, visit our corporate website, and gain access to all AIR FRANCE KLM Group sites. There is no time left to build up speed by pushing the plane's nose forward into a dive. It's here! "The logical thing to do would be to cross-check"—that is, compare the pilot's airspeed indicator with the co-pilot's and with other instrument readings, such as groundspeed, altitude, engine settings, and rate of climb. 02:13:43 (Robert) Alors descends... Alors, donne-moi les commandes... À moi les commandes! A warning chime alerts the cockpit to the fact that they are leaving their programmed altitude. It's quite possible that Bonin had never flown an airplane in alternate law, or understood its lack of restrictions. The intertropical convergence, or ITC, is an area of consistently severe weather near the equator. The men are utterly failing to engage in an important process known as crew resource management, or CRM. Robert notices Bonin's error and tries to correct him. The captain, Marc Dubois, a veteran with more than 11,000 hours of flight time, tells him it is St. Elmo's fire, a phenomenon often found with thunderstorms at these latitudes. 02:11:43 (Captain) Eh… Qu'est-ce que vous foutez? ', The tourism aircraft, reportedly a four-seat single engine plane, fell into an uninhabited sector in Loches (map of city above), All five passengers onboard the two planes involved in the mid-air collision have died, Picutred, Diamond DA40 3 seat single propeller - the same type of aircraft which collided with the ULM plane in Loches, The reason for the collision was not immediately known, and an investigation to determine the cause was opened. Instead, it ploughs into a layer of clouds. One fatal incident in France happened over Quiberon Bay off the coast of Brittany in 1998, when a Beechcraft 1900D collided in mid-air with a light aircraft, killing 15 people. He's legally responsible for the safety of the flight. Again, the stall alarm begins to sound. Unlike the control yokes of a Boeing jetliner, the side sticks on an Airbus are "asynchronous"—that is, they move independently. At last, Bonin tells the others the crucial fact whose import he has so grievously failed to understand himself. Entertainment Website Was Air France Captain With a Woman When Flight 447 Was in Trouble? Well, I think that's not a bad idea. By now the plane has returned to its initial altitude but is falling fast. Unfortunately, he, too, seems unaware of the fact that the plane is now stalled, and pulls back on the stick as well. They are still climbing. Bonin announces that he is going to reduce the speed of the aircraft, and asks Robert if he should turn on a feature that will prevent the jet engines from flaming out in the event of severe icing. The critical missing piece of information: the fact that someone has been holding the controls all the way back for virtually the entire time. Intense psychological stress tends to shut down the part of the brain responsible for innovative, creative thought. "When you have a captain and a first officer in the cockpit, it's clear who's in charge," Nutter explains. Aside from the loss of airspeed indication, everything is working fine. Exactly 1.4 seconds later, the cockpit voice recorder stops. Mayor Marc Angenault said the collision occurred in the skies above Loches, about 50km from Tours, southeast of Paris, according to the France Bleu radio station. All pilots are trained to push the controls forward when they're at risk of a stall so the plane will dive and gain speed. But instead, he takes a seat behind the other two pilots. 02:06:13 (flight attendant) D'accord, on s'assoit alors? According to a witness, residents have been told to stay in their homes and the crash sites have been blockaded, the BBC reported. The stall warning falls silent. Damn it, I don't have control of the plane, I don't have control of the plane at all! While the airplane's avionics track crucial parameters such as location, speed, and heading, the human beings can pay attention to something else. A two-seater ULM carrying two people crashed in flight with a tourist plane with three passengers on board in central France on Saturday afternoon. Bonin's statement here offers a crucial window onto his reasoning. On est d'accord qu'on est en manuel, hein? France plane crash: Three dead after tourist aircraft hit Belledonne mountain range. A witness said that the aircraft burst into flames after landing on the house's electricity meter, the. Thanks a lot. For more than two years, the disappearance of Air France Flight 447 over the mid-Atlantic in the early hours of June 1, 2009, remained one of aviation's great mysteries. They are failing, essentially, to cooperate. (Salpu and Tasil are two air-traffic-position reporting points.). ... 2010 at the Pere Lachaise cemetery in Paris shows a funerary stela in tribute to the victims of the Air France Flight 447 Rio-Paris plane crash. ... microlight collide in west France. He is probably referring to the plane's vertical speed. With engines at full power, the nose pitched upward at an angle of 18 degrees, it moves horizontally for an instant and then begins to sink back toward the ocean. In the early hours of June 1 2009, Air France Flight 447 from Rio de Janeiro to Paris went missing, along with 216 passengers and 12 crew. Pay attention to your speed. As the stall warning continues to blare, the three pilots discuss the situation with no hint of understanding the nature of their problem. On the 11th anniversary of the crash, we're looking back at the mysterious tragedy and republishing the article in full. C'est toujours ça de pris. Faites attention à ta vitesse. 4:30pm local time (15:30 BST) in Loches, Indre-et-Loire department, local government official Nadia Seghier said. As the plane approaches 10,000 feet, Robert tries to take back the controls, and pushes forward on the stick, but the plane is in "dual input" mode, and so the system averages his inputs with those of Bonin, who continues to pull back. Let's go for the anti-icing system. The plane is soon climbing at a blistering rate of 7000 feet per minute. 02:10:31 (Robert) Tu redescends... On est en train de monter selon lui… Selon lui, tu montes, donc tu redescends. 02:10:27 (Robert) Faites attention à ta vitesse. We don't understand at all... We've tried everything. Merci beaucoup. Air Crash Investigation Air France Flight 4590 Episode 3 National Geographic Documentary 2020 HDAir France Flight 4590 was an international charter flight, from Charles de Gaulle Airport, Paris to John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York, flown by an Aérospatiale-BAC Concorde. 02:14:25 (Bonin) Mais qu'est-ce que se passe? 02:13:40 (Robert) Remonte... remonte... remonte... remonte... 02:13:40 (Bonin) Mais je suis à fond à cabrer depuis tout à l'heure! But when trouble suddenly springs up and the computer decides that it can no longer cope—on a dark night, perhaps, in turbulence, far from land—the humans might find themselves with a very incomplete notion of what's going on. Raising the nose to a certain angle of pitch does not result in the same angle of climb, but far less. Air France Flight 447 (AF447 or AFR447 ) was a scheduled international passenger flight from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to Paris, France. They also visited the air traffic control tower and the radar control station. Air France flight 447 tragically crashed on 1 June, 2009. Another of the revelations of Otelli's transcript is that the captain of the flight makes no attempt to physically take control of the airplane. Here is a synopsis of what occurred during the course of the doomed airliner's final few minutes. Killing 228 people, the Air France Airbus A330-203, registered F-GZCP, was performing flight 447 between Rio de Janeiro and Paris when it plunged into the Atlantic Ocean. 02:14:23 (Robert) Putain, on va taper... C'est pas vrai! The tourist plane had taken off from Poitiers, situated around 100km from Loches, according to the Mirror. Debunking the 9/11 Myths: The World Trade Center, 9/11 Conspiracy Myths: Truth Under Attack, The Real Story Behind the Myth of Area 51, The Best Podcasts for Avid Conspiracy Theorists, What It's Like to Be a Moon Landing Conspiracist, This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. On 1 June 2009, the Airbus A330 serving the flight stalled and did not recover, eventually crashing into the Atlantic Ocean at 02:14 UTC, killing all 228 passengers and crew. will blare through the cockpit 75 times. Bonin eases the back pressure on the stick, and the plane gains speed as its climb becomes more shallow. Though pilots are required to practice hand-flying their aircraft during all phases of flight as part of recurrent training, in their daily routine they do most of their hand-flying at low altitude—while taking off, landing, and maneuvering. Dutch cyclist Niki Terpstra suffered multiple injuries in a training crash in the Netherlands on Tuesday and was helicoptered to hospital, his wife said. With the wreckage and flight-data recorders lost beneath 2 miles of ocean, experts were forced to speculate using the only data available: a cryptic set of communications beamed automatically from the aircraft to the airline's maintenance center in France. The cockpit displays once again show valid speed information. 02:07:00 (Bonin) On est apparemment à la limite de la couche, ça devrait aller. There's no good... there's no good speed indication. A witness said that the aircraft burst into flames after landing on the house's electricity meter, the BBC reported. Thanks to the effects of the anti-icing system, one of the pitot tubes begins to work again. This may give the pilots the impression that their situation is improving, when in fact it signals just the reverse. Published on - May 18th, 2020 Air France is progressively increasing its flight schedule. The plane begins to regain speed. Bonin wordlessly banks the plane to the left. Get more information about AIR CRASHES at It is not clear to either one of them who is responsible for what, and who is doing what. They'll wonder: What instruments are reliable, and which can't be trusted? "If he's going straight and level and he's got no airspeed, I don't know why he'd pull back," says Chris Nutter, an airline pilot and flight instructor. Air France Flight 447 Crash Revisited Pilots are part of a complex system that can either increase or reduce the probability that they will make a mistake. Il faudrait vous méfier là. An even fuller picture emerged with the publication of a book in French entitled Erreurs de Pilotage (volume 5), by pilot and aviation writer Jean-Pierre Otelli, which includes the full transcript of the pilots' conversation. What the hell is happening? But they also remove important information from the attention of the flight crew. All five passengers onboard the two planes involved have died. 02:08:03 (Robert) Tu peux éventuellement le tirer un peu à gauche. But once the computer lost its airspeed data, it disconnected the autopilot and switched from normal law to "alternate law," a regime with far fewer restrictions on what a pilot can do. Pay attention to your speed. 02:10:16 (Robert) On a perdu les, les, les vitesses alors? At any rate, without warning his colleagues, Bonin once again takes back the controls and pulls his side stick all the way back. The crash also triggered the creation in 1958 of the Federal Aviation Agency (now Administration) to oversee air safety. Though the pitot tubes are now fully functional, the forward airspeed is so low—below 60 knots—that the angle-of-attack inputs are no longer accepted as valid, and the stall-warning horn temporarily stops. While it is gaining altitude, it is losing speed, until it is crawling along at only 93 knots, a speed more typical of a small Cessna than an airliner. The Queen wants her children and grandchildren to 'enjoy Christmas with their other loved-ones' and 'not... What a reception! A new theory on the real reason the plane came down has been put forward in Lost at Sea: Air France 447 on Channel 5 tonight. The plane plummeted into the mountain range before bursting into flames at about 10.30 this morning. Fans are finally back at a Premier League stadium as 2,000 Arsenal supporters return to... Rishi Sunak braces Britain for tax rises warning the country's huge coronavirus-fuelled debt pile could be a... 'The local Gestapo are at it again! The inter-tropical convergence... look, we're in it, between 'Salpu' and 'Tasil.' He was probably in a better position to observe and give his commands from the seat behind.". At first, the younger pilot thinks that something is wrong with the air-conditioning system, but Robert assures him that the effect is from the severe weather in the vicinity. At approximately 2 am, the other co-pilot, David Robert, returns to the cockpit after a rest break. This, presumably, is due to the accumulation of ice crystals on the exterior of the fuselage. J'ai plus le contrôle de l'avion! Published on - May 09th, 2020 Bonin's behavior is difficult for professional aviators to understand. Five people have died after a small microlight aircraft was carrying two people and collided with a DA40 tourist plane, which had three people onboard, The tourist plane had reportedly taken off from Poitiers, situated around 100km from Loches, The microlight, or ULM plane, 'landed on the fence around a house' (scene pictured) but nobody else on the ground was injured, The collision took place at around 4:30pm local time on Saturday in Loches (above), in the Indre-et-Loire department of western France. ': North Yorkshire police spark fury by launching border patrols with... Hope is here! Although the plane's nose is pitched up, it is descending at a 40-degree angle. How could a technologically state-of-the art airliner simply vanish? Air France Flight 447 crashed into the Atlantic Ocean in 2009. She added: 'Air emergency staff from Lyon were brought in at first to track down the plane, which was quickly found. It accelerates to 223 knots. For Canada, the crash was one of the worst losses of life in an aviation disaster. 02:11:47 (Robert) On a totalement perdu le contrôle de l'avion... On comprend rien... On a tout tenté... We've totally lost control of the plane. French judges have dropped manslaughter charges against Airbus and Air France over the 2009 crash of Air France 447, instead blaming the pilots. Published: 19:25 GMT, 10 October 2020 | Updated: 23:52 GMT, 10 October 2020. I'll call you back as soon as we're out of it. Neither weather nor malfunction doomed AF447, nor a complex chain of error, but a simple but persistent mistake on the part of one of the pilots. It's not surprising, then, that amid the frightening disorientation of the thunderstorm, Bonin reverted to flying the plane as if it had been close to the ground, even though this response was totally ill-suited to the situation. As Popular Mechanics found in our cover story about the crash, published in December 2009, the data implied that the plane had fallen afoul of a technical problem—the icing up of air-speed sensors—which in conjunction with severe weather led to a complex "error chain" that ended in a crash and the loss of 228 lives. Sodramjet Could Reach Anywhere on Earth in 2 Hours. Descend, then... Give me the controls... Give me the controls! Had Dubois done so, he almost certainly would have understood, as a pilot with many hours flying light airplanes, the insanity of pulling back on the controls while stalled. What should we do? But the flightpath of the microlight remains unknown at this time. TOGA is an acronym for Take Off, Go Around. 02:11:21 (Robert) On a pourtant les moteurs! 02:12:15 (Captain) Alors, là, je ne sais pas! The head pilot gets up and gives him the left-hand seat. "They were probably experiencing some pretty wild gyrations," Esser says. Five people have died after a tourist plane and a microlight aircraft collided mid-air in western France on Saturday afternoon. "If the person in the right seat is pulling back on the joystick, the person in the left seat doesn't feel it," says Dr. David Esser, a professor of aeronautical science at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. While Bonin's behavior is irrational, it is not inexplicable. The Airbus's stall alarm is designed to be impossible to ignore. He pulls back on the side stick to put the airplane into a steep climb, despite having recently discussed the fact that the plane could not safely ascend due to the unusually high external temperature. 02:10:41(Bonin) On est en… ouais, on est en "climb.". But neither Bonin nor Roberts has ever received training in how to deal with an unreliable airspeed indicator at cruise altitude, or in flying the airplane by hand under such conditions. Instead, we tend to revert to the familiar and the well-rehearsed. In alternate law, pilots can stall an airplane. Gear-obsessed editors choose every product we review. A stall is a potentially dangerous situation that can result from flying too slowly. You can possibly pull it a little to the left. Revealed: Matt Hancock's 'step-grandfather' whose Covid death brought Health Secretary close to tears in... How long until Britain gets its hands on Oxford's Covid vaccine? The stall warning continues to sound. The Airbus … The flight control computer under normal law will not allow an aircraft to stall, aviation experts say. Air Crash Investigation 2020. Bonin seems ill at ease. This is a natural result of having two co-pilots flying the plane. "In a condition like that, he might not necessarily want to make the situation worse by having one of the crew members actually disengage and stand up. Officials confirm Pfizer's Covid jab has arrived in Britain after secret 'operation' to get first... 'Five people killed' in mid-air crash involving two planes in France - World News - Mirror Online, France plane crash: Five killed after mid-air collision near Tours - BBC News. France’s BEA air accident agency said it had been “notified of the event by Iran and we have designated an accredited representative to the safety investigation”.. A minute and a half after the crisis began, the captain returns to the cockpit. At this critical phase of flight, pilots are trained to increase engine speed to the TOGA level and raise the nose to a certain pitch angle. Air France said Friday it would give about 17,500 euros ($24,000) as an advance to the families of the victims of the crash of Air France Flight 447 from Rio de Janeiro to Paris. From now on, every airline pilot will no doubt think immediately of AF447 the instant a stall-warning alarm sounds at cruise altitude. These have the potential to remove a great deal of uncertainty and danger from aviation. We seem to be at the end of the cloud layer, it might be okay. The comments below have been moderated in advance. Black box revelations from the June 2009 crash paint a surprising picture of chaos in the cockpit that led to one of aviation's greatest mysteries. Qu'est-ce qui se passe bordel? The following article originally ran in December 2011, months after AF447's black box recordings surfaced and spurred new revelations. How we test gear. At last, the more senior of the pilots (and the one who seems to have a somewhat better grasp of the situation) now takes control of the airplane. The scene of the accident was cordoned off when emergency teams arrived at the scene. Otelli reports that many airline pilots (and, indeed, he himself) subsequently flew a simulation of the flight from this point and were able to do so without any trouble. Five people are killed in mid-air crash involving two tourist planes in France. It's better than nothing. 02:12:14 (Robert) Qu'est-ce que tu en penses? "Their stick doesn't move just because the other one does, unlike the old-fashioned mechanical systems like you find in small planes, where if you turn one, the [other] one turns the same way." The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline. Je ne comprends pas ce que se passe. Perhaps spooked by everything that has unfolded over the past few minutes—the turbulence, the strange electrical phenomena, his colleague's failure to route around the potentially dangerous storm—Bonin reacts irrationally. But for reasons unknown, Bonin once again increases his back pressure on the stick, raising the nose of the plane and bleeding off speed. 02:11:06 (Robert) Putain, il vient ou il vient pas? Robert has no idea that, despite their conversation about descending, Bonin has continued to pull back on the side stick. It says we're going up, so descend. The outside temperature is much warmer than forecast, preventing the still fuel-heavy aircraft from flying higher to avoid the effects of the weather. Three people are believed to have died in the crash. But it is still descending at a precipitous angle. But he is not at sea level; he is in the far thinner air of 37,500 feet. Is the Denver Airport Run by the Illuminati? Around 50 firefighters were called out while 30 gendarmes, paramilitary police officers, set up road detours around the crash sites. 02:06:18 (flight attendant) Ouais, OK, j'appelle les autres derrière. 02:06:19 (Bonin) Mais je te rappelle dès qu'on est sorti de là. Qu'est-ce que tu en penses? The stall warning continues to blare. Recognizing the urgency of the situation, Robert pushes a button to summon the captain. Seghier said: '(The microlight) landed on the fence around a house without harming anyone else, (the DA40) several hundred metres away in an uninhabited area. Et puis, voilà, on est en plein dedans…. 02:13:42 (Captain) Non, non, non... Ne remonte pas... non, non. 02:06:50 (Bonin) Va pour les anti-ice. 22-NOV-2020 Europe, Canada, Brazil have additional requirements to unground 737 MAX 21-NOV-2020 Report: Boeing 747-400F engine pod strike during crosswind landing, Hong Kong 20-NOV-2020 Lack of risk anticipation by controller leads to serious airprox at Strasbourg, France 18-NOV-2020 FAA lifts grounding of Boeing 737 MAX 18-NOV-2020 Report: Fatal PIA ATR 42 crash caused by engine … The engines generate less thrust here, and the wings generate less lift. The co-pilot in the right-hand seat, an inexperienced 32-year-old named Pierre-Cédric Bonin, asks, "What's that?" You don't have the sort of traditional discipline imposed on the flight deck when you have a captain.". Yes, let's call them in the back, to let them know... 02:05:59 (flight attendant, heard on the intercom) Oui? In such a situation, "we go through an iterative assessment and evaluation process," Nutter explains, before engaging in any manipulation of the controls. The collision occurred at around 4:30pm local time (15:30 BST) in Loches, Indre-et-Loire department, local government official Nadia Seghier said. When you put two first officers up front, it changes things. No details about the identities of the victims or the causes of the collision have been released so far. Moment cage fighter, 37, lunges at his neighbour with a kitchen knife after stabbing his beautician... 'What a result!
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