The flag was designed by the late Bernard Namok from Thursday Island in 1992. September 3rd has been officially proclaimed and is celebrated annually as our Australian National Flag Day. The Flag Act of 1953 affirmed the blue ensign as the official Australian flag, and allowed private citizens to fly it. Become a Study.com member to unlock this The 5 stars on the right represent the constellation of stars known as the Southern Cross. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. The flag was selected from 32,823 entries. The original flag was slightly different to its present day form (which started in 1908), in that each star on the original flag had a unique number of points. If your ever lucky enough to get a good clear view of the Southern Cross, the link will become obvious. The points represent the six states and the territories. The five-pointed star represents the island groups. What do the five stars on the Australian flag represent? The 7 pointed, larger star is the Federation star. Beneath the Union Jack is a large white star with seven points. Our flag should be treated with dignity and respect as it represents all Australian citizens, equally of whatever, background, race,  colour, religion or age. The Southern Cross is shown on the flag in white. On the Australian flag, the four stars are white and each has seven points. Six points represent the states and the seventh all the federal territories which together constitute the nation, the Commonwealth of Australia. This constellation of  stars relate to the various indigenous legends and remind us of our rich and precious Aboriginal and Torres Strait heritage. The five stars on the right hand side of the flag of Australia represent the Southern Cross constellation. Later, the Austronesian people arrived on the island. The event was held on 3 September 1901 when the flag was hoisted above the Royal Exhibition Building in Melbourne. Germany occupied parts of Papua New Guinea in 1884 and ruled over the region for a few decades. No. On the Australian flag, the cluster of five stars comprises the constellation of the Southern Cross, which is Australia's geographical location within the Southern Hemisphere. Each of the points represents one of the 6 States and seventh is for the Australian Territories (Canberra, and the Northern Territory) During the First World … There is one point for each of the six original states, and one to represent all of Australia's internal and external territories. The winning flag has a blue background, the Union Jack, and six stars. All rights reserved. Originally there were six points to represent the 6 colonies that made up Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, Western Australia, Northern Territory and South Australia). Five designers shared the prize because they came up with similar ideas for the Australian flag. The original flag was slightly different to its present day form (which started in 1908), in that each star on the original flag had a unique number of points. This shows that Australia is part of the British Commonwealth. The flag has three elements on a blue background: the Union Jack, the Commonwealth Star and the Southern Cross. When did New Zealand become part of the British... What did New Zealand give to the British... Is New Zealand part of the British Empire? The three crosses, St George, St Andrew and St Patrick serve to represent the principles and ideals on which our nation was founded and is based on today; including parliamentary democracy, the rule of law, freedom of speech and the rights and responsibilities of citizens. - Definition, Types, Process & Example, Hofstede's Power Distance: Definition & Examples, Japanese Military Society & Samurais in the 12th Century, Homeostasis of Glucose Levels: Hormonal Control and Diabetes, The Difference Between Qualitative & Quantitative Measurement, External Opportunities & Threats in SWOT Analysis: Examples & Definition, Portuguese and Spanish Empires: Growth in the New World & Asia, Over-Exploitation: How Humans Affect Ecosystems By Decreasing Species Populations, Industrialization Spreads Around the World, The Great Schism Between the East and Western Churches, The Unification of Italy: Summary, Timeline & Leaders, Puritans in America: Beliefs, Religion & History, A Raisin in the Sun: Summary, Characters, Themes & Analysis, World War II: The Start of the Second World War, The Five Basic Characteristics of Cultures, The Constitutional Convention: The Great Compromise, European Imperialism: Characteristics, Motives & Effects, 8th Grade Life Science: Enrichment Program, Introduction to Political Science: Tutoring Solution, Introduction to Criminal Justice Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans, Virginia SOL - World History & Geography to 1500: Test Prep & Practice, The Importance of Being Earnest Study Guide, 7th Grade Social Studies: World History II, Saxon Math 8/7 Homeschool: Online Textbook Help, Common Core Math Grade 8 - Functions: Standards, Middle School World History Curriculum Resource & Lesson Plans, PSSA - Science Grade 8: Test Prep & Practice, McDougal Littell Algebra 1: Online Textbook Help, NES Middle Grades General Science (204): Practice & Study Guide, ScienceFusion Space Science: Online Textbook Help, 7th Grade World History: Enrichment Program, Biological and Biomedical The constellation of the Southern Cross indicates our geographical location in the southern hemisphere. The Commonwealth Star is found on both the flag of Australia and the Coat of Arms of Australia.On the Australian flag the Star appears in the lower hoist quarter, beneath the representation of the Union flag, and as four of the five stars making up the Southern Cross on the fly. the star in the bottom left corner of the australian flag is the commonwealth star, a fictional 7 pointed star in which each point represents one of the 6 … How many times has the Australian flag been... What is the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander... How does homeschooling work in Australia? The flags of the six states of Australia are all based on the Blue Ensign with the State badge on the fly half of the flag; there is no Commonwealth Star on these flags. The prior answers are correct to the extent that the stars on the New Zealand flag and the majority of those on the Australian flag represent the Southern Cross. One of the flag's designers named Ivor Evans incorporated the cross to denote the four virtues attributed to the four primary stars by Dante: fortitude, justice, temperance, and prudence. The sixth and largest star on the Australian Flag, below the Union Jack, is the Federation Star, representing the federation of the colonies of Australia on 1 January 1901. The Australian National Flag is a design of striking stars and crosses. The five stars on the right hand side of the Australian flag represent the constellation called 'The Southern Cross'. Services, Cultural Patterns of Australia & the Pacific Islands, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. The modern Australia flag is a blue field with the Union Jack in the canton with the Commonwealth Star directly below it and five white stars on the fly which represent the Southern Cross constellation. Our flag is a reminder of the contributions of past and current generations to the nation and of the inheritance that will be passed to future generations. A competition was held to design a new flag for the new country. History. What is inclusive education in Australia? Later, 3 September was officially proclaimed as Australian National Flag Day to commemor… Each of these stars has 7 points except for the smallest star which has only five. In one corner of the flag is the Union Jack, the flag of Great Britain. In 1901, the Commonwealth Government sanctioned the publication Review of R… In the top left hand corner is the Union Jack. All of these stars have 6 points which represent the 6 states of Australia. The Australian National Flag is Australia’s chief national symbol by law, custom and tradition, belonging equally to all Australian citizens. Five stars are in the shape of the constellation the Southern Cross, the other is … The Australian National Flag was born on September 3rd, 1901. It is a constellatio… Used in navigation, the star is also an important symbol for the sea-faring Torres Strait Islander people. Australia has three flags: the Australian National Flag, the Aboriginal Flag, and the Torres Strait Islander Flag. The flag of Australia is based on the British maritime Blue Ensign – a blue field with the United Kingdom flag in the canton or upper hoist quarter – augmented with a large white seven-pointed star (the Commonwealth Star) and a representation of the Southern Cross constellation, made up of five white stars – one small five-pointed star and four, larger, seven-pointed stars. It has seven points, one for each of the six states and the other one to represent both the territories and any future states. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. The Australian National Flag was chosen by the Australian people in the year of federation (1901) from 32,823 entries received in a public design competition. The colour white of the star represents peace. Find answers now! Portuguese traders introduced the sweet potato to New Guinea in the 18th century. It has seven stars that represent the seven Australian states — except there are only six states, because Papua hasn’t been a part of Australia for many years. the four stars that make up the actual cross bit are much brighter than the one in the middle. - Examples, Definition & Graph, What is an Injunction? The stars represent the Southern Cross,a cluster of stars generally only visible in the Southern hemisphere. The star is also featured on the Commonwealth Coat of Arms. 1 Questions & Answers Place. Usage. New Zealand’s features four five-pointed, red stars to represent the Southern Cross. Answer to: What do the five stars on the Australian flag represent? Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Directly below the Union Flag is a large 7 pointed white star called the Federation Star, representing the federation of the colonies of Australia on 1 January 1901. The Southern Cross, otherwise known as Crux (Latin for Cross) is a prominent constellation which can only be seen at night in the Southern Hemisphere. The Australian flag has three colors: red, white, and blue. From British to Australian Flag! © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Cook Islands The Cooks Islands, associated with New Zealand, also has a flag based on the Blue Ensign, with a circle of fifteen 5-pointed white stars. The Union Jack in the upper left corner represents the history of British settlement. It is also known as the Federation Star. In 1908, the Commonwealth star was changed from 6 to 7 points, with 6 points representing the states, and the 7th point representing all territories. Australia’s youth and our new citizens have the right to full and accurate knowledge of the history, heritage and significance of Australia’s national flag of “Stars and Crosses” which represents the principles and ideals on which our country was founded and the inheritance of future generations. The Australian National Flag should be treated with dignity and respect at all times as it identifies and represents our sovereign nation both at home and overseas and all citizens, equally of the Commonwealth of Australia to whom it belongs. In the Coat of Arms, the Star forms the crest, atop a blue and gold wreath. In 1901, Australia became a single country, instead of six separate colonies. Below the Union Jack is a white Commonwealth, or Federation, star. This followed the Federation of Australia on January 1st, 1901, which was the formation of the Commonwealth of Australia. The new Prime Minister, Edmund Barton was the master of ceremonies for the first raising of the large, blue national flag, measuring 11 x 5.5 metres. The five stars that are grouped together represent the Southern Hemisphere constellation of the Southern Cross, an important navigational tool during... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. By 1903, the stars of the Southern Cross were standardised, with the 4 large stars each 7 points and the smaller star remaining at 5 points. Australia hoisted the British flag Union Jack until its independence … The Commonwealth Star is the emblem of Australian Federation. What year was the death penalty abolished in... What does tertiary education mean in Australia? When was the Australian curriculum implemented? answer! On September 3rd 1901, the Prime Minister, Sir Edmund Barton was the master of ceremonies for the first raising of the large, blue national flag, measuring 11 x 5.5 metres over the first Parliament House in Melbourne. The Australian flag, like those of other nations, contains a unique set of colors, designs and patterns that distinguish Australia from other independent countries around the world. Beneath the Union Jack is one star and to the side of the one star is a group of five stars. Usage of the ANF is shared with Government though, unlike the National Coat of Arms, the Australian National Flag is owned by the people exclusively, under law, in the Commonwealth Flags Act. Spanish and Portuguese explorers came to know of the existence of the New Guinea island as early as the 16th century. Dark Reactions of Photosynthesis: The Calvin-Benson Cycle, Descriptive Research Design: Definition, Examples & Types, What is Directional Selection? This followed the Federation of Australia on January 1st, 1901, which was the formation of the Commonwealth of Australia. These flags are important symbols that represent the country’s origins and identity. The flag in the corner is the Union Jack of Britain. Create your account. The 5 stars that are on the right side of the flag represent a constellation of stars called the 'Southern Cross'. For this reason, the flags should be treated with respect and dignity at all times. In 1901, the Commonwealth Government sanctioned the publication Review of Reviews to hold a public competition to design the Australian National Flag. the star formation on the right hand side of the australian flag is a representation of the southern cross. However, if you are observant you will be left wondering why (if this is the case) are there only four stars on the New Zealand flag and yet there are six stars on the Australian flag. On a clear night in Australia, you can see all the five stars on the flag. The Australian Blue Ensign is charged with five stars that form the Southern Cross and a sixth to represent the Commonwealth of Australia. The design was chosen by a competition held in 1901, which attracted 32,823 entries. The Australian National Flag was born on September 3rd, 1901. Each of the stars is seven-pointed and are known as Commonwealth Stars. The original winning design had the stars of the Southern Cross featuring five to nine points each. The Commonwealth Star represents the Federation of States as six points and their unity as the seventh point. Every Australian Citizen has the right and privilege of flying or displaying the Australian National Flag (ANF), our flag of “STARS AND CROSSES”, with dignity and respect in accord with the rules of flag etiquette and protocol. It has seven points representing the unity of the six states and the territories of the Commonwealth of Australia. This unique combination of devices has created an attractive and meaningful flag which, by law, custom and tradition is Australia’s chief national symbol. What do the 5 stars represente in the flag Australia? The Royal Australian Navy White Ensign (1967), The Royal Australian Air Force Ensign (1981). Human occupation of the island of New Guinea happened around 42,000 years back when people from Africa migrated here. The big white star in the flag of Australia is known as the Commonwealth Star. The Australian flag represents the independence of the Australian nation and national pride. Australia first unveiled its national flag in 1901, and the flag hangs from public buildings, offices and private residences.
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